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Precautions For The Installation And Use Of TIMKEN Bearings

Source:  skf bearing  Time:  2021-05-10
  1. Installation of bearing:
  TIMKEN imported bearings must be installed under dry and clean environmental conditions. Before installation, carefully check the processing quality of the mating surface of the shaft and the housing, the end surface of the shoulder, the groove and the connecting surface. All mating and connecting surfaces must be carefully cleaned and deburred, and the unprocessed surface of the casting must be cleaned of sand.
  TIMKEN imported bearings should be cleaned before installation, used after drying, and ensure good lubrication. The bearings are generally lubricated with grease or oil. When grease lubrication is used, greases with excellent performance such as no impurities, anti-oxidation, anti-rust, and extreme pressure should be selected. The amount of grease filled is 30%-60% of the volume of the bearing and the bearing box, and should not be too much. The double-row tapered roller bearing with sealed structure and the water pump shaft bearing have been filled with grease, and the user can use it directly without cleaning.
  When installing the bearing, an equal pressure must be applied to the circumference of the end face of the ring to press the ring in. It is not allowed to directly knock the end face of the bearing with a tool such as a head to avoid damage to the bearing. In the case of small interference, the end face of the bearing ring can be pressed with a sleeve at room temperature, and the sleeve can be beaten with a shovel, and the ring can be pressed in evenly through the sleeve. If installed in large quantities, hydraulic presses can be used. When pressing, ensure that the end face of the outer ring and the end face of the housing shoulder, and the end face of the inner ring and the end face of the shaft shoulder are pressed tightly, and no gap is allowed.
  When the interference is large, it can be installed by oil bath heating or induction heating bearing method. The heating temperature range is 80℃-100℃, and the highest can not exceed 120℃. At the same time, use nuts or other appropriate methods to tighten the bearing to prevent the width of the TIMKEN imported bearing from shrinking after cooling and causing a gap between the ring and the shaft shoulder.
  Single row tapered roller bearing should be adjusted for clearance at the end of installation. The clearance value should be specifically determined according to different operating conditions and the size of the matching interference. When necessary, it should be tested to determine. The double-row tapered roller bearings and the water pump shaft bearing have been adjusted in clearance before leaving the factory, so there is no need to adjust them during installation.
  The installation of TIMKEN imported bearings should be subjected to a rotation test. First, use the rotating shaft or bearing box. If there is no abnormality, it will run with no load and low speed with power, and then gradually increase the rotation speed and load according to the operating conditions, and detect noise, vibration and temperature If an abnormality is found, the operation should be stopped and checked. It can be delivered to use only after the operation test is normal.

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  2. Disassembly of TIMKEN imported bearings:
   When the bearing is to be used after being removed, an appropriate removal tool should be used. When disassembling a ferrule with an interference fit, only the pulling force can be applied to the ferrule, and it is never allowed to transmit the disassembly force through the rolling elements, otherwise the rolling elements and raceways will be crushed.
  3. The use environment of TIMKEN imported bearings:
  According to the location of use, use conditions and environmental conditions, the selection of specifications, size and accuracy, and matching with appropriate bearings are the prerequisites for ensuring bearing life and reliability. 
  (1). Part of use: Tapered roller bearings are suitable for bearing combined radial and axial loads based on radial loads. They are usually paired with two sets of bearings. They are mainly used for the front and rear hubs, active bevel gears, and differentials of automobiles. Transmission parts such as gearboxes and reducers.
  (2). Allowable speed: Under the condition of correct installation and good lubrication, it is allowed to be 0.3-0.5 times the limit speed of the bearing. Under normal circumstances, 0.2 times the limit speed is the most appropriate.
  (3). Allowable tilt angle: Generally, tapered roller bearings do not allow the shaft to be tilted relative to the housing hole. If tilted, the maximum is not more than 2'.
  (4)Allowable temperature: Under normal load, the lubricant has high temperature resistance and sufficient lubrication, generally imported TIMKEN bearings are allowed to work at an ambient temperature of -30℃-150℃.